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Suttantapiṭake
Majjhimanikāyo
Majjhimapaṇṇāsako
2. Bhikkhuvaggo
Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.
2.2.2.
62 Mahārāhulovāda suttaṃ

Evaṃ me sutaṃ. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Atha kho bhagavā pubbanhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaraṃ ādāya sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Āyasmāpi kho rāhulo pubbanhasamayaṃ [PTS Page 421] [\q 421/] nivāsetvā pattacīvaraṃ ādāya bhagavantaṃ piṭṭhito piṭṭhito anubandhi. Atha kho bhagavā apaloketvā āyasmantaṃ rāhulaṃ āmantesi:

Yaṃ kiñci rāhula rūpaṃ atītānāgatapaccuppannaṃ ajjhattaṃ vā bahiddhā vā oḷārikaṃ vā sukhumaṃ vā hīnaṃ vā paṇītaṃ vā yaṃ dūre santike vā sabbaṃ rūpaṃ netaṃ mama nesohamasmi na meso attā'ti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbanti. Rūpameva nu kho bhagavā, rūpameva nu kho sugatāti. Rūpampi rāhula, vedanāpi rāhula, saññāpi rāhula, saṅkhārāpi rāhula, viññāṇampi rāhulāti,

Atha kho āyasmā rāhulo 'kona'jja bhagavatā sammukhā ovādena ovadito gāmaṃ piṇḍāya pavisissatī'ti tato paṭinivattitvā aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle nisīdi pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. Addasā kho āyasmā sāriputto āyasmantaṃ rāhulaṃ aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle nisinnaṃ pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. Disvāna āyasmantaṃ rāhulaṃ āmantesi: ānāpānasatiṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Ānāpānasati rāhula bhāvitā bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsāti.

Atha kho āyasmā rāhulo sāyanhasamayaṃ patisallānā vuṭṭhito yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi, ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā rāhulo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: kathaṃ bhāvitā nu kho bhante ānāpānasati kathaṃ bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsāti.

Yaṃ kiñci rāhula ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ kakkhalaṃ kharigataṃ upādinnaṃ, seyyathīdaṃ: kesā lomā nakhā dantā taco maṃsaṃ nahārū aṭṭhī aṭṭhimiñjā vakkaṃ hadayaṃ yakanaṃ kilomakaṃ pihakaṃ papphāsaṃ antaṃ antaguṇaṃ udariyaṃ karīsaṃ yaṃ vā panaññampi kiñci ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ kakkhalaṃ kharigataṃ upādinnaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati rāhula ajjhattikā paṭhavīdhātu. Yā ceva kho pana ajjhattikā paṭhavīdhātu yā ca bāhirā paṭhavīdhātu paṭhavīdhāturevesā. Taṃ 'netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso attā'ti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. [PTS Page 422] [\q 422/] evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā paṭhavīdhātuyā nibbindati. Paṭhavīdhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti.

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Katamā ca rāhula āpodhātu: āpodhātu siyā ajjhattikā siyā bāhirā. Katamā ca rāhula ajjhattikā āpodhātu: yaṃ ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ āpo āpogataṃ upādinnaṃ, seyyathīdaṃ: pittaṃ semhaṃ pubbo lohitaṃ sedo medo assu vasā khelo siṅghānikā lasikā muttaṃ, yaṃ vā panaññampi kiñci ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ āpo āpogataṃ upādinnaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati rāhula ajjhattikā āpodhātu. Yā ceva kho pana ajjhattikā āpodhātu, yā ca bāhirā āpodhātu āpodhāturevesā. Taṃ netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso attāti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā āpodhātuyā nibbindati. Āpodhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti.

Katamā ca rāhula tejodhātu: tejodhātu siyā ajjhattikā siyā bāhirā. Katamā ca rāhula ajjhattikā tejodhātu: yaṃ ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ tejo tejogataṃ upādinnaṃ, seyyathīdaṃ: yena ca santappati, yena ca jīrīyati, yena ca pariḍayhati, yena ca asitapītakhāyitasāyitaṃ sammā pariṇāmaṃ gacchati. Yaṃ vā panaññampi kiñci ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ tejo tejogataṃ upādinnaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati rāhula ajjhattikā tejodhātu. Yā ceva kho pana ajjhattikā tejodhātu, yā ca bāhirā tejodhātu tejodhātu revesā. Taṃ netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso attāti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā tejodhātuyā nibbindati. Tejodhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti.

Katamā ca rāhula vāyodhātu: vāyodhātu siyā ajjhattikā siyā bāhirā. Katamā ca rāhula ajjhattikā vāyodhātu: yaṃ ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ vāyo vāyogataṃ upādinnaṃ, seyyathīdaṃ: uddhaṅgamā vātā adhogamā vātā kucchisayā vātā koṭṭhasayā1 vātā aṅgamaṅgānusārino vātā assāso passāso iti. Yaṃ vā panaññampi kiñci ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ vāyo vāyogataṃ upādinnaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati rāhula ajjhattikā vāyodhātu. Yā ceva kho pana ajjhattikā vāyodhātu, yā ca bāhirā vāyodhātu vāyodhāturevesā. Taṃ netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso attāti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ [PTS Page 423] [\q 423/] sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā vāyodhātuyā nibbindati. Vāyodhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti.

Katamā ca rāhula ākāsadhātu: ākāsadhātu siyā ajjhattikā, siyā bāhirā. Katamā ca rāhula ajjhattikā ākāsadhātu: yaṃ ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ ākāsaṃ ākāsagataṃ upādinnaṃ, seyyathīdaṃ kaṇṇacchiddaṃ nāsacchiddaṃ mukhadvāraṃ, yena ca asitapītakhāyitasāyitaṃ ajjhoharati yattha ca asitapītakhāyitasāyitaṃ santiṭṭhati, yena ca asitapītakhāyitasāyitaṃ sāyitaṃ adhobhāgā2 nikkhamati. Yaṃ vā panaññampi kiñci ajjhattaṃ paccattaṃ ākāsaṃ ākāsagataṃ upādinnaṃ3 ayaṃ vuccati rāhula

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1. Koṭṭhāsayā-machasaṃ 2. Adhobhāgaṃ-machasaṃ. 3. Aghaṃ aghagataṃ cīvaraṃ cīvaragataṃ asaṃphuṭṭhaṃ maṃsalohitehi upādinnaṃ-machasaṃ.Syā.

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Ajjhattikā ākāsadhātu. Yāceva kho pana ajjhattikā ākāsadhātu yā ca bāhirā ākāsadhātu, ākāsadhāturevesā. Taṃ 'netaṃ mama, ne'sohamasmi. Na meso attā'ti evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya daṭṭhabbaṃ. Evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya disvā ākāsadhātuyā nibbindati. Ākāsadhātuyā cittaṃ virājeti.

Paṭhavīsamaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāveti, paṭhavīsamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti. Seyyathāpi rāhula paṭhaviyā sucimpi nikkhipanti, asucimpi nikkhipanti, gūthagatampi nikkhipanti, muttagatampi nikkhipanti, kheḷagatampi nikkhipanti, pubbagatampi nikkhipanti, lohitagatampi nikkhipanti. Na ca tena paṭhavī aṭṭīyati vā harāyati vā jigucchati vā evameva kho tvaṃ rāhula paṭhavīsamaṃ bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Paṭhavīsamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti.

Āposamaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi, āposamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti. Seyyathāpi rāhula āpasmiṃ sucimpi dhovanti, asucimpi dhovanti, gūthagatampi dhovanti, muttagatampi dhovanti, kheḷagatampi dhovanti, pubbagatampi dhovanti, lohitagatampi dhovanti. Na ca tena āpo aṭṭīyati vā harāyati vā jigucchati vā evameva [PTS Page 424] [\q 424/] kho tvaṃ rāhula āposamaṃ bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Āposamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti.

Tejosamaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi, tejosamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti. Seyyathāpi rāhula tejo sucimpi ḍahati,1 asucimpi ḍahati, gūthagatampi ḍahati, muttagatampi ḍahati, kheḷagatampi ḍahati, pubbagatampi ḍahati. Lohitagatampi ḍahati . Na ca tena tejo aṭṭīyati vā harāyati vā jigucchati vā evameva kho tvaṃ rāhula tejosamaṃ bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Tejosamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti.

Vāyosamaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi, vāyosamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato2 uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti. Seyyathāpi rāhula vāyo sucimpi upavāyati, asucimpi upavāyati, gūthagatampi upavāyati, muttagatampi upavāyati, kheḷagatampi upavāyati, pubbagatampi upavāyati, lohitagatampi upavāyati . Na ca tena vāyo aṭṭīyati vā harāyati vā jigucchati vā evameva kho tvaṃ rāhula vāyosamaṃ bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Vāyosamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti.

Ākāsasamaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi ākāsasamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpāmanāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti, seyyathāpi rāhula ākāso na katthaci patiṭṭhito, evameva kho tvaṃ rāhula ākāsasamaṃ bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Ākāsasamaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato uppannā manāpā'manāpā phassā cittaṃ na pariyādāya ṭhassanti.

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1.Dahati-machasaṃ 2.Cittaṃ bhāvayato [PTS]

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Mettaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Mettaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato yo vyāpādo so pahīyissati. Karuṇaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Karuṇaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato yā vihesā sā pahīyissati. Muditaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Muditaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato yā arati sā pahīyissati. Upekkhaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Upekkhaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato yo paṭigho so pahīyissati.

Asubhaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Asubhaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato yo rāgo so pahīyissati. Aniccasaññaṃ rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. [PTS Page 425] [\q 425/] aniccasaññaṃ hi te rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvayato yo asmimāno so pahīyissati.

Ānāpānasatiṃ1 rāhula bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. Ānāpānasati rāhula2 bhāvitā bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsā. Kathaṃ bhāvitā ca rāhula ānāpānasati kathaṃ bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsā: idha rāhula bhikkhu araññagato vā rukkhamūlagato vā suññāgāragato vā nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So satova assasati, sato passasati, dīghaṃ vā assasanto dīghaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti, dīghaṃ cā passasanto dīghaṃ passasāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā assasanto rassaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā passasanto rassaṃ passasāmīti pajānāti, sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmīti sikkhati, passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati, pītipaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, pītipaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmīti sikkhati. Sukhapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, sukhapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmīti sikkhati, cittasaṅkhārapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, cittasaṅkhārapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmiti sikkhati, passambhayaṃ cittasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, passambhayaṃ cittasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati, cittapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, cittapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmīti sikkhati, abhippamodayaṃ cittaṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, abhippamodayaṃ cittaṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati, samādahaṃ cittaṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, samādahaṃ.

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1.Ānāpānassatiṃ-machasaṃ, 2. Ānāpānassati hi te rāhula -machasaṃ.

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Cittaṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati, vimocayaṃ cittaṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, vimocayaṃ cittaṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati, aniccānupassī assasissāmīti sikkhati, aniccānupassī passasissāmīti sikkhati, virāgānupassī assasissāmīti sikkhati, virāgānupassī passasissāmīti sikkhati, nirodhānupassī assasissāmīti sikkhati, nirodhānupassī passasissāmīti sikkhati, paṭinissaggānupassī assasissāmīti sikkhati, paṭinissaggānupassī passasissāmīti sikkhati. Evaṃ bhāvitā kho rāhula ānāpānasati evaṃ bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsā, evaṃ bhāvitāya kho rāhula ānāpānasatiyā [PTS Page 426] [\q 426/] evaṃ bahulīkatāya yepi te carimakā assāsapassāsā1 tepi viditāva nirujjhanti no aviditāti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamano āyasmā rāhulo bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandīti.

Mahārāhulovādasuttaṃ dutiyaṃ.

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1.Assāsā-machasaṃ.