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Suttantapiṭake
Majjhimanikāyo
Majjhimapaṇṇāsako
1. Gahapati vaggo
Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.
2.1.1.
51 Kandaraka suttaṃ

Evaṃ me sutaṃ ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā campāyaṃ viharati gaggarāya pokkharaṇiyā tīre mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ. Atha kho pesso ca hatthārohaputto kandarako ca paribbājako yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā pesso hatthārohaputto bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Kandarako pana paribbājako bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇiyaṃ1 vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho kandarako paribbājako tuṇhībhūtaṃ tuṇhībhūtaṃ bhikkhūsaṅghaṃ anuviloketvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: acchariyaṃ bho gotama, abbhutaṃ bho gotama, yāvañcidaṃ bhotā gotamena sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipādito: yepi te bho gotama ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paṭipādesuṃ seyyathāpi etarahi bhotā gotamena sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipādito. Yepi te bho gotama bhavissanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paṭipādessanti seyyathāpi etarahi bhotā gotamena sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipāditoti.

Evametaṃ kandaraka, evametaṃ kandaraka, yepi te kandaraka ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paṭipādesuṃ seyyathāpi etarahi mayā sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipādito. Yepi te kandaraka bhavissanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paṭipādessanti seyyathāpi etarahi mayā sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipādito.

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1. Sāraṇīyaṃ - machasaṃ,

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Santi hi kandaraka bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṅghe arahanto khīṇāsavā vusitavanto katakaraṇīyā ohitabhārā anuppattasadatthā parikkhīṇabhavasaṃyojanā sammadaññā vimuttā. Santi pana1 kandaraka bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhūsaṅghe sekhā2 santatasīlā santatavuttino nipakā nipakavuttino. Te catusu satipaṭṭhānesu sūpaṭṭhitacittā3 viharanti, katamesu catusu: idha kandaraka [PTS Page 340] [\q 340/] bhikkhū kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ, vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ,citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ, dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassa'nti.

Evaṃ vutte pesso hatthārohaputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: acchariyaṃ bhante, abbhutaṃ bhante, yāva supaññattācime bhante bhagavatā cattāro satipaṭṭhānā sattānaṃ visuddhiyā sokapariddavānaṃ4 samatikkamāya dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāya5 ñāyassa adhigamāya nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya. Mayampi hi bhante gihī odātavasanā kālena kālaṃ imesu catusu satipaṭṭhānesu sūpaṭṭhitacittā3 viharāma, idha mayaṃ bhante kāye kāyānupassino viharāma, ātāpino sampajānā satimanto vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ, vedanāsu vedanānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ, citte cittānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ, dhammesu dhammānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ.

Acchariyaṃ bhante, abbhutaṃ bhante, yāvañcidaṃ bhante bhagavā evaṃ manussagahane evaṃmanussakasaṭe evaṃmanussasāṭheyye vattamāne sattānaṃ hitāhitaṃ jānāti. Gahanaṃ hetaṃ bhante yadidaṃ manussā, uttānakaṃ hetaṃ bhante yadidaṃ pasavo. Ahaṃ hi bhante pahomi hatthidammaṃ sāretuṃ yāvatakena antarena campaṃ gatāgataṃ karissati sabbāni tāni sāṭheyyāni kūṭeyyāni vaṅkeyyāni jimheyyāni pātukarissati. Amhākaṃ pana bhante dāsāti vā pessāti vā kammakarāti vā aññathā va kāyena samudācaranti, aññathā va vācāya6 samudācaranti, aññathā va nesaṃ cittaṃ hoti. Acchariyaṃ bhante, abbhutaṃ bhante, yāvañcidaṃ bhante bhagavā evaṃ manussagahane evaṃ manussakasaṭe evaṃ manussasāṭheyye vattamāne sattānaṃ hitāhitaṃ jānāti. Gahanaṃ hetaṃ bhante yadidaṃ manussā, uttānakaṃ7 hetaṃ bhante yadidaṃ pasavo ti.

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1.Santi hi-machasaṃ, 2. Sekkhā-machasaṃ, 3. Suppatiṭṭhita cittā-machasaṃ. Supatiṭṭhita... Syā. 4. Soka paridevānaṃ-machasaṃ, syā, 5. Atthagamāya-[PTS] 6. Aññathā va vācāya-aññathā va nesaṃ-[PTS] 7. uttānakañhetaṃ9 machasaṃ.

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Evametaṃ pessa, evametaṃ pessa, [PTS Page 341] [\q 341/] gahanaṃ hetaṃ pessa yadidaṃ manussā, uttānakaṃ hetaṃ pessa yadidaṃ pasavo. Cattārome pessa puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ,katame cattāro: idha pessa ekacco puggalo attantapo hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana pessa ekacco puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana pessa ekacco puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, parantapo na ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana pessa ekacco puggalo nevattantapo hoti nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītibhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Imesaṃ pessa catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ katamo te puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī'ti.

Yvāyaṃ bhante puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, ayaṃ me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yopāyaṃ bhante puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, ayampi me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yopāyaṃ bhante puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, ayampi me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yo ca kho ayaṃ puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedi1 brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Ayaṃ me2 puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī'ti.

Kasmā pana te pessa ime tayo puggalā cittaṃ nārādhentī'ti.

Yvāyaṃ bhante puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so attānaṃ sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ ātāpeti, paritāpeti. Iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yopāyaṃ bhante puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so paraṃ sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ ātāpeti, paritāpeti. Iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yopāyaṃ bhante puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so attānañca parañca sukhakāmaṃ dukkha paṭikkūlaṃ3 ātāpeti, paritāpeti. Iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yo [PTS Page 342] [\q 342/] ca kho ayaṃ bhante puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sitībhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. So attānaṃ ca parañca sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ neva ātāpeti, na paritāpeti. Iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ ārādheti. Handa ca dāni mayaṃ bhante gacchāma bahukiccā mayaṃ bahu karaṇīyā'ti.

Yassa dāni tvaṃ pessa kālaṃ maññasī'ti. Atha kho pesso hatthārohaputto bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi.

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1. Sukhappaṭisaṃvedī-machasaṃ. 2. Ayameva me -machasaṃ 3. Sukhakāme dukkhapaṭikkūle-sīmu, [PTS]

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Atha kho bhagavā acirapakkante pesse hatthārohaputte bhikkhū āmantesi. Paṇḍito bhikkhave pesso hatthārohaputto mahā pañño bhikkhave pesso hatthārohaputto, sace bhikkhave pesso hatthārohaputto muhuttaṃ nisīdeyya yāvassāhaṃ ime cattāro puggale vitthārena vibhajāmi. Mahatā atthena saññutto1 agamissa. Api ca bhikkhave ettāvatāpi pesso hatthārohaputto mahatā atthena saññutto'ti.

Etassa bhagavā kālo, etassa sugata kālo, yaṃ bhagavā ime cattāro puggale vitthārena vibhajeyya, bhagavato sutvā bhikkhu dhāressantī'ti. Tena hi bhikkhave suṇātha sādhukaṃ manasikarotha bhāsissāmī'ti. Evaṃ bhante'ti kho te bhikkhu bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:

Katamo ca bhikkhave puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto: idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo acelako hoti muttācāro, hatthāpalekhano2, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ,na uddissa kaṭaṃ3, na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā patigaṇhāti. Na khaḷopimukhā4 patigaṇhāti5. Na eḷakamantaraṃ na daṇḍamantaraṃ na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṅkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ, na maṃsaṃ,na suraṃ,na merayaṃ,na thusodakaṃ pibati6.

So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko. Ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīhi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, [PTS Page 343] [\q 343/] dvīhikampi7 āhāraṃ āhāreti sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati so sākabhakkho vā hoti, sāmākabhakkho vā hoti. Nīvārabhakkho vā hoti. Daddulabhakkho vā hoti. Haṭabhakkho vā hoti, kaṇabhakkho vā hoti. Ācāmabhakkho vā hoti. Piññākabhakkho vā hoti. Tiṇabhakkho vā hoti. Gomayabhakkho vā hoti. Vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhoji.

So sāṇānipi dhāreti. Masāṇānipi dhāreti. Chavadussānipi dhāreti. Paṃsukūlānipi dhāreti. Tirīṭānipi dhāreti. Ajinānipi dhāreti. Ajinakkhipampi dhāreti. Kusacīrampi dhāreti. Vākacīrampi dhāreti. Phalakacīrampi dhāreti. Kesakambalampi dhāreti. Vāḷakambalampi dhāreti. Ulūkapakkhampi dhāreti. Kesamassulocakopi hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto. Ubbaṭṭakopi8 hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto. Ukkuṭikopi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto. Kaṇṭakāpassayikopi hoti kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti. Sāyatatiyakampi udakorohaṇānuyogamanuyutto viharati. Iti evarūpaṃ anekavihitaṃ kāyassa ātāpanaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.

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1. Saṃyutto machasaṃ 2. Hatthāvalekhano-syā. 3. Kataṃ -machasaṃ 4. Khalopimukhā-sīmu. 5. Paṭigaṇhāti-machasaṃ 6. Pivati machasaṃ 7. Dvāhikaṃ-sīmu 8. Ubbhaṭṭhakopi- sīmu ubbhaṭṭhakopi - machasaṃ

Ubbhatthakopi - syā

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Katamo ca bhikkhave puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto: idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti, sūkariko sākuntiko1 māgaviko ḷuddo macchaghātako coro coraghātako2 bandhanāgāriko, ye vā panaññepi keci kurūrakammantā, ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.

Katamo ca bhikkhave puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto: idha bhikkhave ekacco puggalo rājā vā hoti khattiyo muddhābhisitto3, brāhmaṇo vā mahāsāḷo ,so puratthimena nagarassa navaṃ santhāgāraṃ kārāpetvā kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kharājinaṃ nivāsetvā sappitelena kāyaṃ abbhañjitvā migavisāṇena4 piṭṭhiṃ kaṇḍūvamāno santhāgāraṃ pavisati saddhiṃ mahesiyā brāhmaṇena ca purohitena. So tattha anantarahitāya bhumiyā haritupattāya5 seyyaṃ kappeti, ekissā gāviyā sarūpavacchāya yaṃ ekasmiṃ thane khīraṃ [PTS Page 344] [\q 344/] hoti, tena rājā yāpeti. Yaṃ dutiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti, tena mahesī yāpeti. Yaṃ tatiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena brāhmaṇo purohito yāpeti. Yaṃ catutthasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti, tena aggiṃ juhanti. Avasesena vacchako yāpeti, so evamāha: ettakā usabhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatarā haññantu yaññatthāya,6 ettikā vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā ajā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā urabbhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā rukkhā chijjantu yūpatthāya, ettakā dabbā lūyantu barihisatthāyāti.7 Yepassa te honti dāsāti vā pessāti vā kammakarāti vā, tepi daṇḍatajjitā bhayatajjitā assumukhā rudamānā parikammāni karonti. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.

Katamo ca bhikkhave puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sitībhūto sukhapaṭisaṃvedi brahmabhūtena attanā viharati: idha bhikkhave tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā, so imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti, so dhammaṃ deseti: ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti.

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1. Sākuṇiko- machasaṃ  2. Goghātako - machasaṃ (adhikaṃ) 3. Muddhāvasitto-machasaṃ  4. Magavisāṇena-machasaṃ 5. Haritūpalittāya-machasaṃ,syā  6. (Ettakā assā haññantu yaññatthāya) machasaṃ (adhikaṃ) 7. Parisatthāyati-syā

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Gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhāpaṭilābhena samannāgato itipaṭisañcikkhati: sambādho gharāvāso rajāpatho, abbhokāso pabbajjā, nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekantaparipuṇṇaṃ ekantaparisuddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ, yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyanti. So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya [PTS Page 345] [\q 345/] appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati.

So evaṃ pabbajito samāno bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāsājīvasamāpanno pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti, nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī viharati. Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti, dinnādāyī dinnapāṭikaṅkhī athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati. Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti, ārācārī virato methunā gāmadhammā. Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti, saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa. Pisunaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisunāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti, ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya,amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā amūsaṃ bhedāya, iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā, samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti, yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā, tathārūpaṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti, kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ.

So bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā paṭivirato hoti. Ekabhattiko hoti rattūparato virato vikālabhojanā. Naccagītavāditavisūkadassanā paṭivirato hoti. Mālāgandhavilepanadhāraṇamaṇḍanavibhūsanaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Jātarūparajatapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti āmakadhaññapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Āmakamaṃsapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Itthikumārikapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Dāsidāsapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Ajeḷakapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Kukkuṭasūkarapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Hatthigavāssavaḷavāpaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Khettavatthupaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti. Dūteyyapahīnagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti. Tulākūṭakaṃsakuṭamānakūṭā [PTS Page 346] [\q 346/] paṭivirato hoti. Ukkoṭanavañcananikatisāciyogā paṭivirato hoti. Chedanavadhabandhanaviparāmosaālopasahasākārā paṭivirato hoti.

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So santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena, kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena, so yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati. Seyyathāpi nāma pakkhīsakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti, sapattabhārova ḍeti. Evamevaṃ bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena, kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena. Yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.

Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati sotindriyaṃ, sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.

Ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ ghānindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati ghānindriyaṃ ghānindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.

Jivhāya rasaṃ ghāyitvā sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ, jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ, kāyindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.

Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇametaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, sammiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti.

So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena satisampajaññena samannāgato vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati. Araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ.

So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ panidhāya, parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. [PTS Page 347] [\q 347/] so abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti. Byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī. Byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti, thīnamiddhaṃ pahāya vigatathīnamiddho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno. Thīnamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti, uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto. Uddhaccakukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti. Vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati akathaṅkathī kusalesu dhammesu. Vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti.

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So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe, vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati. Sato ca sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti. Yantaṃ ariyā ācikkhanti:upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti taṃ tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā, pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā1 adukkhaṃ asukhaṃ2 upekkhāsati pārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ3 upasampajja viharati.

So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte4 pubbe nivāsānussatiñāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati, seyyathīdaṃ: ekampi jātiṃ dvepi jātiyo, tissopi jātiyo catassopi jātiyo pañcapi jātiyo dasapi jātiyo vīsatimpi jātiyo tiṃsampi jātiyo cattārīsampi jātiyo paññāsampi jātiyo jātisatampi jātisahassampi jātisatasahassampi anekepi saṃvaṭṭakappe anekepi vivaṭṭakappe anekepi saṃvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe amutrāsiṃ evannāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhapaṭisaṃvedī [PTS Page 348] [\q 348/] evamāyupariyanto. So tato cuto amutra udapādiṃ5 tatrāpāsiṃ evannāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhapaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto. So tato cuto idhūpapanno'ti. Iti sākāraṃ sauddesaṃ anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati.

So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte4 sattānaṃ cutūpapātañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne, hine paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti. Ime vata bhonte sattā kāyaduccaritena samannāgatā vacīduccaritena samannāgatā manoduccaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ upavādakā micchādiṭṭhikā micchādiṭṭhikammasamādānā, te kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannā, ime vā pana bhonto sattā kāyasucaritena samannāgatā vacīsucaritena samannāgatā manosucaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ anupavādakā sammādiṭṭhikā sammādiṭṭhikammasamādānā, te kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannā'ti. Iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti,

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1. Atthagamā-[PTS] 2. Adukkhamasukhaṃ-machasaṃ 3. Catutthajjhānaṃ-sīmu 4. Ānejjappatte-machasaṃ,sīmu 5. Uppādiṃ-sīmu.

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So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminīpaṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ime āsavāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ āsavasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ āsavanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ayaṃ āsavanirodhagāminīpaṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavā pi cittaṃ vimuccati. Bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati. Avijjāsavā pi cittaṃ vimuccati. Vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti. Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ,kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyāti pajānāti.

Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, [PTS Page 349] [\q 349/] so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhuto sukhapaṭisaṃvedi brahmabhūtena attanā viharatī'ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhu bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.

Kandaraka suttaṃ paṭhamaṃ.