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Suttantapiṭake
Dīghanikāyo
Sīlakkhandhavaggo
Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.
8. Sīhanādasuttaṃ*

1. Evaṃ me sutaṃ: ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā ujuññāyaṃ1 viharati kaṇṇakatthale2 migadāye. Atha kho acelo kassapo yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ3 kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ4 vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi.

2. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: "sutammetaṃ5 bho gotama, 'samaṇo gotamo sabbaṃ tapaṃ garahati. Sabbaṃ tapassiṃ lukhājīviṃ ekaṃsena upakkosati upavadatī'ti. Ye te bho gotama evamāhaṃsu 'samaṇo gotamo sabbaṃ taṃ garahati, sabbaṃ tapassiṃ lukhājīviṃ ekaṃsena upakkosati upavadatī'ti. Kacci te bhoto gotamassa vuttavādino? Na ca bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ abhūtena abbhācikkhanti? Dhammassa cānudhammaṃ byākaronti? Na ca koci sahadhammiko vādānuvādo gārayhaṃ ṭhānaṃ āgacchati? Anabbhakkhātukāmā hi mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotama"nti.

3. Ye te kassapa evamāhaṃsu: 'samaṇo gotamo sabbaṃ tapaṃ garahati. Sabbaṃ tapassiṃ lukhājīviṃ ekaṃsena upakkosati upavadatī'ti na me te vuttavādino. Abbhācikkhanti ca pana maṃ te asatā abhūtena.

Idāhaṃ kassapa ekaccaṃ tapassiṃ lukhājīviṃ passāmi dibbena [PTS Page 162] [\q 162/] cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannaṃ. Idha panāhaṃ kassapa ekaccaṃ tapassiṃ lukhājīviṃ passāmi dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannaṃ.

Idāhaṃ6 kassapa ekaccaṃ tapassiṃ appadukkhavihāriṃ passāmi dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannaṃ.

*. Kassapa sīhanāta suttaṃ, kesuci. Khuddhasīhanādasuttantipi. Aṭṭhakathā. Mahāsīhanādasuttaṃ, machasaṃ.

1. Uruñāyaṃ sīmu.

2. Kaṇṇathale. Sīmu.

3. Sammodanīyaṃ. Machasaṃ.

4. Sāraṇīyaṃ machasaṃ.

5. Sutametaṃ. Sīmu.

6. Idhapanāhaṃ, syā.

[BJT Page 358] [\x 358/]

Idhapanāhaṃ kassapa ekaccaṃ tapassiṃ appadukkhavihāriṃ passāmi dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannaṃ.

Yo'haṃ kassapa imesaṃ tapassīnaṃ evaṃ āgatiñca gatiñca cutiñca upapattiñca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāmi. So'haṃ kiṃ sabbaṃ tapaṃ garahissāmi, sabbaṃ vā tapassiṃ lukhājīviṃ ekaṃsena upakkosissāmi upavadissāmi?

4. Santi kassapa eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā paṇḍitā nipuṇā kataparappavādā vāḷavedhirūpā vobhindantā1 maññe caranti paññāgatena diṭṭhigatāni. Tehi'pi me saddhiṃ ekaccesu ṭhānesu sameti2 ekaccesu ṭhānesu na sameti2. Yante ekaccaṃ vadenti sādhū'ti, mayampi taṃ ekaccaṃ vadema sādhū'ti. Yante ekaccaṃ vadenti na sādhū'ti, mayampi taṃ ekaccaṃ vadema na sādhū'ti. Yante ekaccaṃ vadenti sādhū'ti, mayaṃ taṃ ekaccaṃ vadema na sādhū'ti. Yante ekaccaṃ vadenti na sādhū'ti, mayaṃ taṃ ekaccaṃ vadema sādhū'ti. Yaṃ mayaṃ ekaccaṃ vadema sādhū'ti, pare'pi taṃ ekaccaṃ vadenti na sādhū'ti. Yaṃ mayaṃ ekaccaṃ vadema na sādhū'ti, pare'pi taṃ ekaccaṃ vadenti na sādhū'ti. [PTS Page 163] [\q 163/] yaṃ mayaṃ ekaccaṃ vadema na sādhū'ti, pare'pi taṃ ekaccaṃ vadenti sādhū'ti. Yaṃ mayaṃ ekaccaṃ vadema sādhū'ti. Pare'pi taṃ ekaccaṃ vadenti na sādhū'ti.

Tyāhaṃ upasaṅkamitvā evaṃ vadāmi: yesu no āvuso ṭhānesu na sameti, tiṭṭhantu tāni ṭhānāni. Yesu ṭhānesu sameti, tattha viññū samanuyuñjantaṃ samanugāhantaṃ samanubhāsantaṃ satthārā vā satthāraṃ saṅghena vā saṅghaṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā akusalā akusalasaṅkhātā sāvajjā sāvajjasaṅkhātā asevitabbā asevitabbasaṅkhātā na alamariyā na alamariyasaṅkhātā kaṇhā kaṇhasaṅkhātā, ko ime dhamme anavasesaṃ pahāya vattati, samaṇo vā gotamo pare vā pana bhonto gaṇācariyā?"Ti.

1. Te bhindantā. Machasaṃ.

2. Samenti. Syā.

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Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā akusalā akusalasaṅkhātā sāvajjā sāvajjasaṅkhātā asevitabbā asevitabbasaṅkhātā na alamariyā na alamariyasaṅkhātā kaṇhā kaṇhasaṅkhātā, samaṇo gotamo ime dhamme anavasesaṃ pahāya vattati, yaṃ vā pana bhonto pare gaṇācariyā"ti.

Itiha kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā amheva tattha yebhuyyena pasaṃseyyuṃ.

5. Aparampi no kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantaṃ samanugāhantaṃ samanubhāsantaṃ satthāraṃ saṅghena vā saṅghaṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā kusalā kusalasaṅkhātā anavajjā anavajjasaṅkhātā sevitabbā sevitabbasaṅkhātā alamariyā alamariyasaṅkhātā sukkā sukkasaṅkhātā, ko ime dhamme anavasesaṃ samādāya vattati samaṇo vā gotamo pare vā pana bhonto gaṇācariyā?"Ti.

Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā evaṃ [PTS Page 164] [\q 164/] vadeyyuṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā kusalā kusalasaṅkhātā anavajjā anavajjasaṅkhātā sevitabbā sevitabbasaṅkhātā alamariyā alamariyasaṅkhātā sukkā sukkasaṅkhātā, samaṇo gotamo ime dhamme anavasesaṃ samādāya vattati yaṃ vā pana bhonto pare gaṇācariyā"ti.

Itiha kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā amheva tattha yebhuyyena pasaṃseyyuṃ.

6. Aparampi no kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantaṃ samanugāhantaṃ samanubhāsantaṃ satthārā vā satthāraṃ saṅghena vā saṅghaṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā akusalā akusalasaṅkhātā sāvajjā sāvajjasaṅkhātā asevitabbā asevitabbasaṅkhātā na alamariyā na alamariyasaṅkhātā kaṇhā kaṇhasaṅkhātā ko ime dhamme anavasesaṃ pahāya vattati gotamasāvakasaṅgho vā pare vā pana bhonto gaṇācariyasāvakasaṅghā?"Ti.

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Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā akusalā akusalasaṅkhātā sāvajjā sāvajjasaṅkhātā asevitabbā asevitabbasaṅkhātā na alamariyā na alamariyasaṅkhātā kaṇhā kaṇhasaṅkhātā, gotamasāvakasaṅgho ime dhamme anavasesaṃ pahāya vattati, yaṃ vā pana bhonto pare gaṇācariyasāvakasaṅghā"ti.

Itiha kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā amheva tattha yebhuyyena pasaṃseyyuṃ.

7. Aparampi no kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantaṃ samanugāhantaṃ samanubhāsantaṃ satthārā vā satthāraṃ saṅghena vā saṅghaṃ: "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā kusalā kusalasaṅkhātā anavajjā anavajjasaṅkhātā sevitabbā sevitabbasaṅkhātā alamariyā alamariyasaṅkhātā sukkā sukkasaṅkhātā, ko ime dhamme anavasesaṃ samādāya vattati? Gotamasāvakasaṅgho vā, pare vā pana bhonto gaṇācariyasāvakasaṅghā?"Ti.

Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ viññū samanuyuñjantā [PTS Page 165] [\q 165/] samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ "ye imesaṃ bhavataṃ dhammā kusalā kusalasaṅkhātā anavajjā anavajjasaṅkhātā sevitabbā sevitabbasaṅkhātā alamariyā alamariyasaṅkhātā sukkā sukkasaṅkhātā, gotamasāvakasaṅgho ime dhamme anavasesaṃ samādāya vattati, yaṃ vā pana bhonto pare gaṇācariyasāvakasaṅgho"ti.

Itiha kassapa viññū samanuyuñjantā samanugāhantā samanubhāsantā amheva tattha yebhuyyena pasaṃseyyuṃ.

8. Atthi kassapa maggo atthi paṭipadā yathā paṭipanno sāmaññeva ñassati sāmaṃ dakkhiti "samaṇo'va gotamo kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī"ti.

Katamo ca kassapa maggo katamā paṭipadā yathā paṭipanno sāmaññeva ñassati sāmaṃ dakkhiti "samaṇo'va gotamo kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī?"Ti.

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Ayameva ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo. Seyyathīdaṃ: sammādiṭṭhi sammāsaṅkappo sammāvācā sammākammanto sammāājīvo sammāvāyāmo sammāsati sammāsamādhi.

Ayaṃ kho kassapa maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā, yathā paṭipanno sāmaññeva ñassati sāmaṃ dakkhiti 'samaṇo'va gotamo kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī'ti.

9. Evaṃ vutte acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

"Ime'pi kho āvuso gotama tapopakkamā ekesaṃ [PTS Page 166] [\q 166/] samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ sāmaññasaṅkhātā ca brahmaññasaṅkhātā ca: acelako hoti muttācāro, hatthāpalekhano, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ, na uddissakaṭaṃ, na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ. Na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṃkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko, sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko, ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīpi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati.

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10. Ime'pi kho āvuso gotama tapopakkamā ekesaṃ samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ sāmaññasaṅkhātā ca brahmaññasaṅkhātā ca: sākabhakkho vā hoti, sāmākabhakkho vā hoti, nīvārabhakkho vā hoti, daddulabhakkho vā hoti, haṭabhakkho vā hoti, kaṇabhakkho vā hoti, ācāmabhakkho vā hoti, piññākabhakkho vā hoti, tiṇabhakkho vā hoti, gomayabhakkho vā hoti, vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī.

11. Ime'pi kho āvuso gotama tapopakkamā ekesaṃ samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ sāmaññasaṅkhātā ca brahmaññasaṅkhātā ca: sāṇāni pi dhāreti, masāṇāni pi dhāreti, chavadussāni pi dhāreti, paṃsukūlāni pi dhāreti, tirīṭāni pi dhāreti, [PTS Page 167] [\q 167/] ajinampi dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi dhāreti, kusacīrampi dhāreti, vākacīrampi dhāreti, elakacīrampi dhāreti, kesakambalampi dhāreti, vālakambalampi dhāreti, ulūkapakkhikampi dhāreti, kesamassulocako'pi hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto, ubbhaṭṭhako'pi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto, ukkuṭiko'pi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto, kaṇṭakāpassayiko'pi hoti, kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti, phalakaseyyampi kappeti, thaṇḍilaseyyampi kappeti, ekapassasayiko'pi hoti, rajojalladharo abbhokāsiko'pi hoti yathāsanthatiko, vekaṭiko'pi hoti vikaṭabhojanānuyogamanuyutto, apānako'pi hoti apānakattamanuyutto, sāyatatiyakampi1 udakorohaṇānuyogamanuyutto viharatī"ti.

12. "Acelako ce'pi kassapa hoti muttacāro hatthāpalekhano, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ, na uddissakaṭaṃ, na nimittanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ. Na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṃkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ. Na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko, sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko, ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīpi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati. Tassa cāyaṃ sīlasampadā cittasampadā paññāsampadā abhāvitā hoti asacchikatā. Atha kho so ārakā'va sāmaññā, ārakā'va brahmaññā.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva [PTS Page 168] [\q 168/] dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pi.

1. Sāyaṃtatiyakanti pi pāṭho.

[BJT Page 368] [\x 368/]

13. Sākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti sāmākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti nīvārabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti daddulabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti haṭabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti kaṇabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti ācāmabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti piññākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti tiṇabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti gomayabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī. Tassa cāyaṃ sīlasampadā cittasampadā paññāsampadā abhāvitā hoti asacchikatā. Atha kho so ārakā'va sāmaññā ārakā'va brahmaññā.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo itī'pi.

14. Sāṇāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, masāṇāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, chavadussāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, paṃsukūlāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, tirīṭāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, ajinampi kassapa dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi kassapa dhāreti, kusacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, vākacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, elakacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, kesakambalampi kassapa dhāreti, vālakambalampi kassapa dhāreti, ulūkapakkhikampi kassapa dhāreti, kesamassulocako 'pi hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto, ubbhaṭṭhako'pi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto, ukkuṭiko'pi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto, kaṇṭakāpassayiko'pi hoti, kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti, phalakaseyyampi kappeti, thaṇḍilaseyyampi kappeti, ekapassasayiko'pi hoti, rajojalladharo abbhokāsiko'pi hoti yathāsanthatiko, vekaṭiko'pi hoti vikaṭabhojanānuyogamanuyutto, apānako'pi hoti apānakattamanuyutto, sāyatatiyakampi udakorohaṇānuyogamanuyutto viharati, tassa cāyaṃ sīlasampadā cittasampadā paññāsampadā abhāvitā hoti asacchikatā, atha kho so ārakā'va sāmaññā ārakā'va brahmaññā.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pi.

15. Evaṃ vutte acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: dukkaraṃ bho gotama sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti.

"Pakati kho esā kassapa lokasmiṃ dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti. "

"Acelako ce'pi kassapa hoti muttācāro hatthāpalekhano, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ, na uddissakaṭaṃ, na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ. Na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṃkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko, sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko, ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīpi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati, imāya ca kassapa mattāya iminā ca tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā abhavissa brahmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ sudukkaraṃ, netaṃ abhavissa kallaṃ vacanāya dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmañña"nti.

16. Sakkā ca panetaṃ abhavissa ñātuṃ gahapatinā vā gahapatiputtena vā antamaso kumbhadāsiyā'pi: "handāhaṃ acelako homi muttācāro hatthāpalekhano, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ, na uddissakaṭaṃ, na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ. Na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṃkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko, sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko, ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīpi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharāmī"ti. Yasmā ca kho kassapa aññatreva imāya mattāya aññatra iminā tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā hoti. Brahmaññaṃ vā dukkaraṃ sudukkaraṃ, tasmā etaṃ kallaṃ vacanāya dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti.

[BJT Page 370] [\x 370/]

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo [PTS Page 169] [\q 169/] iti'pi.

17. Sākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti sāmākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti nīvārabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti daddulabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti haṭabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti kaṇabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti ācāmabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti piññākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti tiṇabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti gomayabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī. Imāya ca kassapa mattāya iminā tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā abhavissa brahmaññaṃ vā dukkaraṃ sudukkaraṃ, netaṃ abhavissa kallaṃ vacanāya 'dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti'.

Sakkā ca panetaṃ abhavissa ñātuṃ gahapatinā vā gahapatiputtena vā antamaso kumbhadāsiyāpi: 'handāhaṃ sākabhakkho vā homi, sāmākabhakkho vā homi, nīvārabhakkho vā homi, daddulabhakkho vā homi, haṭabhakkho vā homi, kaṇabhakkho vā homi, ācāmabhakkho vā homi, piññākabhakkho vā homi, tiṇabhakkho vā homi, gomayabhakkho vā homi, vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī'ti. Yasmā ca kho kassapa aññatreva imāya mattāya aññatra iminā tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā hoti brahmaññaṃ vā dukkaraṃ sudukkaraṃ, tasmā etaṃ kallaṃ vacanāya 'dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti'.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pi.

18. Sāṇāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, masāṇāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, chavadussāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, paṃsukūlāni 'pi kassapa dhāreti, tirīṭāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, ajinampi kassapa dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi kassapa dhāreti, kusacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, vākacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, elakacīrampi ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, kesakambalampi kassapa dhāreti, vālakambalampi kassapa dhāreti, ulūkapakkhikampi kassapa dhāreti, kesamassulocako 'pi hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto, ubbhaṭṭhako'pi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto, ukkuṭiko'pi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto, kaṇṭakāpassayiko'pi hoti, kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti, phalakaseyyampi kappeti, thaṇḍilaseyyampi kappeti, ekapassasayiko'pi hoti, rajojalladharo abbhokāsiko'pi hoti yathāsanthatiko, vekaṭiko'pi hoti vikaṭabhojanānuyogamanuyutto, apānako'pi hoti apānakattamanuyutto, sāyatatiyakampi udakorohaṇānuyogamanuyutto viharati. Imāya ca kassapa mattāya iminā tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā abhavissa brahmaññaṃ vā dukkaraṃ sudukkaraṃ, netaṃ abhavissa kallaṃ vacanāya 'dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti'.

Sakkā ca panetaṃ abhavissa ñātuṃ gahapatinā vā gahapatiputtena vā antamaso kumbhadāsiyāpi: 'handāhaṃ sāṇānipi dhāremi, māsāṇānipi kassapa dhāremi, chavadussāni 'pi kassapa dhāremi, paṃsukūlāni 'pi kassapa dhāremi, tirīṭāni 'pi kassapa dhāremi, ajinampi kassapa dhāremi, ajinakkhipampi kassapa dhāremi, kusacīrampi kassapa dhāremi, vākacīrampi kassapa dhāremi, elakacīrampi kassapa dhāremi, kesakambalampi kassapa dhāremi, vālakambalampi kassapa dhāremi, ulūkapakkhikampi kassapa dhāremi, kesamassulocako 'pi hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto, ubbhaṭṭhako'pi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto, ukkuṭiko'pi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto, kaṇṭakāpassayiko'pi hoti, kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti, phalakaseyyampi kappeti, thaṇḍilaseyyampi kappeti, ekapassasayiko'pi hoti, rajojalladharo abbhokāsiko'pi hoti yathāsanthatiko, vekaṭiko'pi hoti vikaṭabhojanānuyogamanuyutto, apānako'pi hoti apānakattamanuyutto, sāyatatiyakampi udakorohaṇānuyogamanuyutto viharāmī'ti. Yasmā ca kho kassapa aññatreva imāya mattāya aññatra iminā tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā hoti brahmaññaṃ vā dukkaraṃ sudukkaraṃ, tasmā etaṃ kallaṃ vacanāya 'dukkaraṃ sāmaññaṃ dukkaraṃ brahmaññanti'.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pīti.

[BJT Page 372] [\x 372/]

19. [PTS Page 170] [\q 170/] evaṃ vutte acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: "dujjāno bho gotama samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo"ti.

"Pakati kho esā kassapa lokasmiṃ 'dujjāno samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo"ti.

20. "Acelako ce'pi kassapa hoti muttācāro hatthāpalekhano, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ, na uddissakaṭaṃ, na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ, na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṃkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko, sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko, ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīpi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati, imāya kassapa mattāya iminā tapopakkamena samaṇo vā abhavissa brāhmaṇo vā dujjāno sudujjāno, netaṃ abhavissa kallaṃ vacanāya dujjāno samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo'ti.

Sakkā ca paneso abhavissa ñātuṃ gahapatinā vā gahapatiputtena vā antamaso kumbha dāsiyā'pi: ayaṃ acelako hoti muttācāro hatthāpalekhano, na ehibhadantiko, na tiṭṭhabhadantiko, nābhihaṭaṃ, na uddissakaṭaṃ, na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ. Na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na purisantaragatāya, na saṃkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko, sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko, ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīpi yāpeti, sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti, ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikampi pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharatīti. Yasmā ca kho kassapa aññatreva imāya mattāya aññatra iminā tapopakkamena samaṇo vā hoti. Brāhmaṇo vā dujjāno sudujjāno, tasmā etaṃ kallaṃ vacanāya dujjāno samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo'ti.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ [PTS Page 171] [\q 171/] bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pīti.

21. Sākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti sāmākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti nīvārabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti daddulabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti haṭabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti kaṇabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti ācāmabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti piññākabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti tiṇabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti gomayabhakkho ce'pi kassapa hoti vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī. Imāya ca kassapa

Mattāya iminā tapopakkamena sāmaññaṃ vā abhavissa brāhmaṇo vā dujjāno sudujjāno, netaṃ abhavissa kallaṃ vacanāya 'dujjāno samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo'ti.

Sakkā ca panetaṃ abhavissa ñātuṃ gahapatinā vā gahapatiputtena vā antamaso kumbhadāsiyāpi: 'ayaṃ sākabhakkho vā hoti, sāmākabhakkho vā hoti, nīvārabhakkho vā hoti, daddulabhakkho vā hoti, haṭabhakkho vā hoti, kaṇabhakkho vā hoti, ācāmabhakkho vā hoti, piññākabhakkho vā hoti, tiṇabhakkho vā hoti, gomayabhakkho vā hoti, vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī'ti. Yasmā ca kho kassapa aññatreva imāya mattāya aññatra iminā tapopakkamena samaṇo vā hoti brāhmaṇo vā dujjāno sudujjāno, tasmā etaṃ kallaṃ vacanāya 'dujjāno samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo'ti.

[BJT Page 374] [\x 374/]

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pi.

22. Sāṇāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, masāṇāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, chavadussāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, paṃsukūlāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, tirīṭāni ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, ajinampi kassapa dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi kassapa dhāreti, kusacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, vākacīrampi kassapa dhāreti, elakacīrampi ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, kesakambalampi ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, vālakambalampi ce'pi kassapa dhāreti, ulūkapakkhikampi kassapa dhāreti, kesamassulocako 'pi hoti kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto, ubbhaṭṭhako'pi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto, ukkuṭiko'pi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto, kaṇṭakāpassayiko'pi hoti, kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti, phalakaseyyampi kappeti, thaṇḍilaseyyampi kappeti, ekapassasayiko'pi hoti, rajojalladharo abbhokāsiko'pi hoti yathāsanthatiko, vekaṭiko'pi hoti vikaṭabhojanānuyogamanuyutto, apānako'pi hoti apānakattamanuyutto, sāyatatiyakampi udakorohaṇānuyogamanuyutto viharati. Imāya ca kassapa mattāya iminā tapopakkamena samaṇo vā abhavissa brāhmaṇo vā dujjāno sudujjāno, netaṃ abhavissa kallaṃ vacanāya 'dujjāno samaṇo dujjāno brāhmaṇo'ti.

Yato kho kassapa bhikkhu averaṃ abyāpajjaṃ mettacittaṃ bhāveti, āsavānañca khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati kassapa bhikkhu samaṇo iti'pi brāhmaṇo iti'pi.

23. Evaṃ vutte acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: "katamā pana sā bho gotama sīlasampadā, katamā cittasampadā, katamā paññāsampadā?"Ti.

"Idha kassapa tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammā sambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti.

23.(29) Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhāpaṭilābhena samannāgato iti paṭisaṃcikkhati: 'sambādho gharāvaso rajāpatho1. Abbhokāso pabbajjā. Nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekantaparipuṇṇaṃ ekantaparisuddhaṃ saṃkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyya'nti.

1. Rajopatho, katthaci.

So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvuto viharati ācāragocarasampanno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī. Samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu kāyakammavacīkammena samannāgato kusalena. Parisuddhājīvo sīlasampanno indriyesu guttadvāro bhojane mattaññū satisampajaññesu samannāgato santuṭṭho.

24.(29) Kathañca kassapa bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti? Idha kassapa bhikkhu pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno. Sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī viharati. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti dinnādāyī dinnapāṭikaṅkhī. Athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī1 virato methunā gāmadhammā. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto2 paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ3 pahāya pisuṇāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti. Ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya. Amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā amūsaṃ bhedāya. Iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā, sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā4 samaggārāmo5 samaggarato samagganandiṃ samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Pharusaṃ vācaṃ6 pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti. Yā sā vācā neḷā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā7 hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā, tathārūpaṃ8 vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī. Nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasañhitaṃ. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

1. Anācāri, machasaṃ.

2. Ṭheto, syā.

3. Pisuṇāvācaṃ, [PTS]

4. Anuppādātā, [PTS]

5. Samaggarāmo, machasaṃ.

6. Pharusāvācaṃ, [PTS] Sitira

7. Pemaniyā, machasaṃ. 8. Evarūpiṃ. [PTS] Sitira.

24.(30) Bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā1 paṭivirato hoti. Ekabhattiko2 hoti rattūparato3 paṭivirato4 vikālabhojanā. Naccagītavāditavisūkadassanā5 paṭivirato hoti. Mālāgandhavilepanadhāraṇamaṇḍanavibhusanaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Jātarūparajatapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Āmakadhaññapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Āmakamaṃsapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Itthikumārikapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Dāsidāsapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Ajeḷakapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Kukkuṭasūkarapaṭiggahaṇā6 paṭivirato hoti. Hatthigavassavaḷavā7 paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Khettavatthupaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dūteyyapaheṇa8 gamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti. Tulākūṭakaṃsakūṭamānakūṭā9 paṭivirato hoti. Ukkoṭanavañcananikatisāci10 yogā paṭivirato hoti. Chedanavadhabandhanaviparāmosaālopasahasākārā11 paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Cullasīlaṃ12 niṭṭhitaṃ

24.(31) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhaṃ13 anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: mūlabījaṃ khandhabījaṃ phalubījaṃ14 aggabījaṃ bijabījameva15 pañcamaṃ. Iti vā itievarūpā16 bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā17 paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(32) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ sannidhikāraparibhogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: annasannidhiṃ pānasannidhiṃ vatthasannidhiṃ yānasannidhiṃ sayanasannidhiṃ gandhasannidhiṃ āmisasannidhiṃ. Iti vā iti evarūpā sannidhikāraparibhogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

1. Samārabbhā, machasaṃ.

2. Ekaṃ bhattiko, machasaṃ.

3. Rattuparato, machasaṃ.

4. Virato, the. Se.

5. Visūkaṃ, machasaṃ.

6. Pariggahaṇā, (sabbattha)

7. Gavassaṃ, se. Vaḷavaṃ, machasaṃ.

8. Pahiṇa, sīmu. Machasa. Syā.

9. Kūṭaṃ, machasaṃ.

10. Sāvi, machasaṃ.

11. Sahasaṃ, machasaṃ.

12. Cūḷa sīlaṃ, machasaṃ.

13. Samārabbhā, machasaṃ.

14. Phalaṃ, se. Phaluṃ, si. The.

15. Bija bījaṃ eva. The.

16. Iti evarupā, kesuci.

17. Samārabbhā, machasaṃ.

24.(33) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ visūkadassanaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: naccaṃ gītaṃ vāditaṃ pekkhaṃ akkhātaṃ pāṇissaraṃ vetālaṃ kumbhathūnaṃ sobhanakaṃ1 caṇḍālaṃ vaṃsaṃ dhopanakaṃ2 hatthiyuddhaṃ assayuddhaṃ mahisayuddhaṃ3 usabhayuddhaṃ ajayuddhaṃ meṇḍayuddhaṃ4 kukkuṭayuddhaṃ vaṭṭakayuddhaṃ daṇḍayuddhaṃ muṭṭhiyuddhaṃ5 nibbuddhaṃ uyyodhikaṃ balaggaṃ senābyūhaṃ aṇīkadassanaṃ6. Iti vā iti evarūpā visūkadassanā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(34) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ jūtappamādaṭṭhānānuyogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: aṭṭhapadaṃ dasapadaṃ ākāsaṃ parihārapathaṃ santikaṃ khalikaṃ ghaṭikaṃ salākahatthaṃ akkhaṃ paṅgacīraṃ vaṅkakaṃ mokkhacikaṃ ciṅgulakaṃ pattāḷhakaṃ rathakaṃ dhanukaṃ akkharikaṃ manesikaṃ yathāvajjaṃ. Iti vā iti evarūpā jūtappamādaṭṭhānānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(35) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ uccāsayanamahāsayanaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: āsandiṃ pallaṅkaṃ gonakaṃ cittakaṃ paṭikaṃ paṭalikaṃ tūlikaṃ vikatikaṃ uddalomiṃ ekantalomiṃ kaṭṭhissaṃ koseyyaṃ kuttakaṃ hatthattharaṃ assattharaṃ rathattharaṃ ajinappaveṇiṃ kādalimigapavarapaccattharaṇaṃ sauttaracchadaṃ ubhatolohitakūpadhānaṃ. Iti vā iti evarūpā uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

1. Sobhanagarakaṃ, katthaci. Sobhanakarakaṃ, [PTS] Sobhanagharakaṃ, machasaṃ.

2. Dhovanaṃ, katthaci. Dhopanaṃ, sitira.

3. Mahiṃsaṃ, machasaṃ.

4. Meṇḍakaṃ, machasaṃ.

5. Sīhala potthakesu na dissati.

6. Anīka - kesuci.

24.(36) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ maṇḍanavibhusanaṭṭhānānuyogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: ucchādanaṃ parimaddanaṃ nahāpanaṃ sambāhanaṃ ādāsaṃ añjanaṃ mālāvilepanaṃ mukhacuṇṇakaṃ1 mukhalepanaṃ2 hatthabandhaṃ sikhābandhaṃ daṇḍakaṃ nāḷikaṃ khaggaṃ chattaṃ citrūpāhanaṃ uṇhīsaṃ maṇiṃ vālavījaniṃ odātāni vatthāni dīghadasāni. Iti vā iti evarūpā maṇḍanavibhusanaṭṭhānānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(37) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ tiracchānakathaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ mahāmattakathaṃ senākathaṃ bhayakathaṃ yuddhakathaṃ annakathaṃ pānakathaṃ vatthakathaṃ sayanakathaṃ mālākathaṃ gandhakathaṃ ñātikathaṃ yānakathaṃ gāmakathaṃ nigamakathaṃ nagarakathaṃ janapadakathaṃ itthikathaṃ purisakathaṃ (kumārakathaṃ kumārikathaṃ)3 sūrakathaṃ visikhākathaṃ kumbhaṭṭhānakathaṃ pubbapetakathaṃ nānattakathaṃ lokakkhāyikaṃ samuddakkhāyikaṃ itibhavābhavakathaṃ. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānakathāya paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(38) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpā viggāhikakathaṃ anuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: "na tvaṃ imaṃ dhammavinayaṃ ājānāsi. Ahaṃ imaṃ dhammavinayaṃ ājānāmi. Kiṃ tvaṃ imaṃ dhammavinayaṃ ājānissasi? Micchāpaṭipanno tvamasi. Ahamasmi sammāpaṭipanno. Sahitaṃ me, asahitaṃ te. Pure vacanīyaṃ pacchā avaca. Pacchā vacanīyaṃ pure avaca. Āciṇṇaṃ4 te viparāvattaṃ. Āropito te vādo. Niggahīto tvamasi. Cara vādappamokkhāya. Nibbeṭhehi vā sace pahosī"ti. Iti vā itievarūpāya viggāhikakathāya paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(39) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogamanuyuttā viharanti, seyyathīdaṃ: raññaṃ rājamahāmattānaṃ khattiyānaṃ brāhmaṇānaṃ gahapatikānaṃ kumārānaṃ "idha gaccha. Amutrāgaccha. Idaṃ hara. Amutra idaṃ āharā"ti. Iti vā itievarūpā dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

1. Mukhacuṇṇaṃ, machasaṃ.

2. Mukhālepanaṃ, sīmu.

3. Marammapotthakesuyeva dissate

4. Aviciṇṇaṃ, kesuci.

24.(40) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te kuhakā ca honti lapakā ca nemittikā ca nippesikā ca lābhena ca lābhaṃ nijigiṃsitāro. Iti vā itievarūpā kuhanalapanā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

Majjhimasīlaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

24.(41) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ1 kappenti, seyyathīdaṃ: aṅgaṃ nimittaṃ uppātaṃ2 supiṇaṃ3 lakkhaṇaṃ mūsikacchinnaṃ aggihomaṃ dabbihomaṃ thusahomaṃ taṇḍulahomaṃ sappihomaṃ telahomaṃ mukhahomaṃ lohitahomaṃ aṅgavijjā vatthuvijjā khattavijjā4 sivavijjā bhūtavijjā bhurivijjā ahivijjā visavijjā vicchikavijjā mūsikavijjā sakuṇavijjā vāyasavijjā pakkajjhānaṃ5 saraparittānaṃ migacakkaṃ. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(42) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ kappenti, seyyathīdaṃ: maṇilakkhaṇaṃ vatthalakkhaṇaṃ daṇḍalakkhaṇaṃ6 asilakkhaṇaṃ usulakkhaṇaṃ dhanulakkhaṇaṃ āvudhalakkhaṇaṃ7 itthilakkhaṇaṃ purisalakkhaṇaṃ kumāralakkhaṇaṃ kumārilakkhaṇaṃ dāsalakkhaṇaṃ dāsilakkhaṇaṃ hatthilakkhaṇaṃ assalakkhaṇaṃ mahisalakkhaṇaṃ8 usabhalakkhaṇaṃ golakkhaṇaṃ9 ajalakkhaṇaṃ meṇḍalakkhaṇaṃ10 kukkuṭalakkhaṇaṃ vaṭṭakalakkhaṇaṃ godhālakkhaṇaṃ kaṇṇikālakkhaṇaṃ kacchapalakkhaṇaṃ migalakkhaṇaṃ. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(43) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ kappenti seyyathīdaṃ: raññaṃ niyyānaṃ bhavissati, raññaṃ aniyyānaṃ bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ upayānaṃ bhavissati, bāhirānaṃ raññaṃ apayānaṃ bhavissati, bāhirānaṃ raññaṃ upayānaṃ bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ apayānaṃ bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ jayo bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ parājayo bhavissati. Iti imassa jayo bhavissati. Imassa parājayo bhavissati. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

1. Jīvitaṃ, machasaṃ.

2. Uppādaṃ, sīmu.

3. Supinaṃ, machasaṃ. Supiṇakaṃ, si.

4. Khettaṃ, kesuci.

5. Pakkha, kesuci.

6. Daṇḍalakkhaṇaṃ satthalakkhaṇaṃ, machasaṃ.

7. Āyudha, kesuci.

8. Mahiṃsa, machasaṃ.

9. Goṇa, machasaṃ.

10. Meṇḍaka, kesuci.

24.(44) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ kappenti. Seyyathīdaṃ: candaggāho bhavissati. Suriyaggāho bhavissati. Nakkhattagāho bhavissati. Candimasuriyānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Candimasuriyānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Nakkhattānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Nakkhattānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Ukkāpāto bhavissati. Dīsāḍāho bhavissati. Bhūmicālo bhavissati. Devadundubhi bhavissati. Candimasuriyanakkhattānaṃ uggamanaṃ ogamanaṃ1 saṃkilesaṃ vodānaṃ bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko candaggāho bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko suriyaggāho bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko nakkhattaggāho bhavissati. Evaṃvipākaṃ candimasuriyānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Evaṃvipākaṃ candimasuriyānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Evaṃvipākaṃ nakkhattānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Evaṃvipākaṃ nakkhattānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko ukkāpāto bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko disāḍāho bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko bhūmicālo bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko devadundūbhi bhavissati. Evaṃvipāko candimasuriyanakkhattānaṃ uggamanaṃ ogamanaṃ saṅkilesaṃ vodānaṃ bhavissati. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(45) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ kappenti. Seyyathīdaṃ: subbuṭṭhikā bhavissati. Dubbuṭṭhikā bhavissati. Subhikkhaṃ bhavissati. Dubbhikkhaṃ bhavissati. Khemaṃ bhavissati. Bhayaṃ bhavissati. Rogo bhavissati. Ārogyaṃ bhavissati. Muddā gaṇanā saṃkhānaṃ kāveyyaṃ lokāyataṃ. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

24.(46) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ kappenti. Seyyathīdaṃ: āvāhanaṃ vivāhanaṃ saṃvadanaṃ vivadanaṃ saṃkiraṇaṃ vikiraṇaṃ subhagakaraṇaṃ dubbhagakaraṇaṃ viruddhagabbhakaraṇaṃ jivhānitthambhanaṃ2 hanusaṃhananaṃ hatthābhijappanaṃ hanujappanaṃ kaṇṇajappanaṃ ādāsapañhaṃ kumāripañhaṃ devapañhaṃ ādiccupaṭṭhānaṃ mahatupaṭṭhānaṃ abbhujjalanaṃ sirivhāyanaṃ. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampi'ssa hoti sīlasmiṃ.

1. Oggamanaṃ, kesuci.

2. Jivhānitthaddhanaṃ. Bahusu.

24.(47) Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvikaṃ kappenti. Seyyathīdaṃ: santikammaṃ paṇidhikammaṃ bhūtakammaṃ bhurikammaṃ vassakammaṃ vossakammaṃ vatthukammaṃ vatthuparikiraṇaṃ ācamanaṃ nahāpanaṃ juhanaṃ vamanaṃ virecanaṃ uddhavirecanaṃ adhovirecanaṃ sīsavirecanaṃ kaṇṇatelaṃ nettatappanaṃ natthukammaṃ añjanaṃ paccañjanaṃ sālākiyaṃ sallakattiyaṃ dārakatikicchā mūlabhesajjānaṃ anuppadānaṃ osadhīnaṃ paṭimokkho. Iti vā itievarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idamassa hoti sīlasampadāya.

24.(48) Sa kho1 so kassapa bhikkhu evaṃ sīlasampanno na kutoci bhayaṃ samanupassati yadidaṃ sīlasaṃvarato. Seyyathāpi kassapa rājā khattiyo muddhāvasitto2 nihatapaccāmitto na kutoci bhayaṃ samanupassati yadidaṃ paccatthikato, evameva kho kassapa bhikkhu evaṃ sīlasampanno na kutoci bhayaṃ samanupassati yadidaṃ sīlasaṃvarato. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Evaṃ kho kassapa bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti.

25.(49) Kathañca kassapa bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti? Idha kassapa bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvassaveyyuṃ3 tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ. Cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ sotindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvassaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati sotindriyaṃ. Sotindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Ghāṇena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ ghāṇindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvassaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati ghāṇindriyaṃ. Ghāṇindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ jivhindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvassaveyyuṃ3 tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati jivhindriyaṃ. Jivhindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ kāyindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvassaveyyuṃ3 tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati kāyindriyaṃ. Kāyindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvassaveyyuṃ3 tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati. Rakkhati manindriyaṃ. Manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Evaṃ kho kassapa bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti.

1. Atha kho, kesuci.

2. Muddhābhisinto, kesuci.

3. Anvāsaveyyuṃ, anvāssaveyyu, kesuci.

26.(50) Kathañca kassapa bhikkhu satisampajaññena samannāgato hoti? Idhāvuso bhikkhu abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti. Ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti. Samiñjite1 pasārite sampajānakārī hoti. Saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti. Asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti. Uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti. Gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti. Evaṃ kho kassapa bhikkhu satisampajaññena samannāgato hoti.

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27.(51) Kathañca āvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti? Idhāvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihāriyena cīvarena kucchiparihāriyena2 piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. Seyyathāpi kassapa pakkhi sakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti sapattabhāro'va ḍeti, evameva kho āvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihāriyena cīvarena kucchiparihāriyena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. Evaṃ kho āvuso bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti.

28.(52) So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena3 samannāgato iminā ca ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena satisampajaññena samannāgato imāya ca ariyāya santuṭṭhiyā samannāgato vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ. So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā.

29.(53) So loke abhijjhaṃ pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati. Abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti. Byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī. Byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti. Thīnamiddhaṃ pahāya vigatathīnamiddho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno. Thīnamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti. Uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto. Uddhaccakukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti. Vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati akathaṃkathī kusalesu dhammesu. Vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti.

1. Sammiñjite, kesuci.

2. Paribhārikena, sīmu.

3. Iminā sīlakkhandhena, sabbattha.

29.(54) Seyyathāpi āvuso puriso iṇaṃ ādāya kammante payojeyya, tassa te kammantā samijjheyyuṃ, so yāni ca porāṇāni iṇamūlāni tāni ca byantīkareyya, siyā cassa uttariṃ avasiṭṭhaṃ dārabharaṇāya, tassa evamassa: "ahaṃ kho pubbe iṇaṃ ādāya kammante payojesiṃ. Tassa me te kammantā samijjhiṃsu. So'haṃ yāni ca porāṇāni iṇamūlāni tāni ca byantī akāsiṃ. Atthi ca me uttariṃ avasiṭṭhaṃ dārabharaṇāyā"ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ -

29.(55) Seyyathāpi āvuso puriso ābādhiko assa dukkhito bāḷhagilāno, bhattaṃ cassa nacchādeyya, na cassa kāye balamattā, so aparena samayena tamhā ābādhā mucceyya, bhattañcassa chādeyya, siyā cassa kāye balamattā, tassa evamassa: "ahaṃ kho pubbe ābādhiko ahosiṃ dukkhito bāḷhagilāno. Bhattaṃ ca me nacchādesi. Nacassa me āsi kāye balamattā. So'mhi etarahi tamhā ābādhā mutto bhattañca me chādeti. Atthi ca me kāye balamattā"ti. So tato nidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ -

29.(56) Seyyathāpi āvuso puriso bandhanāgāre baddho assa, so aparena samayena tamhā bandhanāgārā mucceyya sotthinā abbayena1, na cassa kiñci bhogānaṃ vayo, tassa evamassa: "ahaṃ kho pubbe bandhanāgāre baddho ahosiṃ. So'mhi etarahi tamhā bandhanāgārā mutto sotthinā abbayena. Natthi ca me kiñci bhogānaṃ vayo"ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ -

29.(57) Seyyathāpi āvuso puriso dāso assa anattādhīno parādhīno na yenakāmaṅgamo, so aparena samayena tamhā dāsabyā mucceyya attādhīno aparādhīno bhujisso yenakāmaṅgamo, tassa evamassa: "ahaṃ kho pubbe dāso ahosiṃ anattādhīno parādhīno na yenakāmaṅgamo, so'mhi etarahi tamhā dāsabyā mutto attādhīno aparādhīno bhujisso yenakāmaṅgamo"ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ -

1. Avyayena, [PTS]

29.(59) Seyyathāpi āvuso puriso sadhano sabhogo kantāraddhānamaggaṃ paṭipajjeyya dubbhikkhaṃ sappaṭibhayaṃ. So aparena samayena taṃ kantāraṃ nitthareyya, sotthinā gāmantaṃ anupāpuṇeyya khemaṃ appaṭibhayaṃ, tassa evamassa: "ahaṃ kho pubbe sadhano sabhogo kantāraddhānamaggaṃ paṭipajjiṃ dubbhikkhaṃ sappaṭibhayaṃ. So'mhi etarahi taṃ kantāraṃ tiṇṇo sotthinā gāmantaṃ anuppatto khemaṃ appaṭibhaya"nti. So tato nidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ -

29.(60) Evameva kho āvuso bhikkhu yathā iṇaṃ yathā rogaṃ yathā bandhanāgāraṃ yathā dāsabyaṃ yathā kantāraddhānamaggaṃ evaṃ ime pañca nīvaraṇe appahīṇe attani samanupassati. Seyyathāpi āvuso ānaṇyaṃ yathā ārogyaṃ yathā bandhanā mokkhaṃ yathā bhujissaṃ yathā khemantabhūmiṃ evameva kho āvuso bhikkhu ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahīṇe attani samanupassati.

[BJT Page 380] [\x 380/]

30(61) Tassime pañca nīvaraṇe pahīṇe attani samanupassato pāmojjaṃ jāyati. Pamuditassa pīti jāyati. Pītimanassa kāyo passambhati. Passaddhakāyo sukhaṃ vedeti. Sukhino cittaṃ samādhiyati.

So vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi [PTS Page 173] [\q 173/] savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imameva kāyaṃ vivekajena pītisukhena abhisanneti parisanneti paripūreti parippharati. Nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa vivekajena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.

Seyyathāpi āvuso dakkho nahāpako vā nahāpakantevāsī vā kaṃsathāle nahānīyavuṇṇāni ākiritvā udakena paripphosakaṃ paripphosakaṃ sanneyya3 sāyaṃ nahānīyapiṇḍi snehānugatā snehaparetā santarabāhirā phuṭā snehena na ca paggharaṇi -

Evameva kho āvuso bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ vivekajena pītisukhena abhisanneti parisenneti paripūreti parippharati. Nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa vivekajena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.

Puna ca paraṃ āvuso bhikkhu vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imameva kāyaṃ samādhijena pītisukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati. Nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa samādhijena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.

Seyyathāpi āvuso udakarabhado ubbhidodako, tassa nevassa puratthimāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, na dakkhiṇāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, na pacchimāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, na uttarāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, devo ca na kālena kālaṃ sammā dhāraṃ anupaveccheyya, atha kho tamhā ca udakarahadā sītā vāridhārā ubbhijjitvā tameva udakarahadaṃ sītena vārinā abhisandeyya parisandeyya paripūreyya paripphareyya, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato udakarahadassa vārinā sītena apphuṭaṃ assa -

Evameva kho āvuso bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ samādhijena pītisukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati. Nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa samādhijena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.

Puna ca paraṃ āvuso bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti. Yantaṃ ariyā ācikkhanti: upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati.

So imameva kāyaṃ nippītikena sukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti, parippharati nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa nippītikena sukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.

Seyyathāpi āvuso uppaliniyaṃ vā paduminiyaṃ vā puṇḍarīkiniyaṃ vā appekaccāni uppalāni vā padumāni vā puṇḍarīkāni vā udake jātāni udake saṃvaddhāni udakānuggatāni antonimuggaposīni tāni yāva caggā yāva ca mūlā sītena vārinā abhisannāni parisannāni paripūrāni, paripphuṭāni nāssā kiñci sabbāvataṃ uppalānaṃ vā padumānaṃ vā puṇḍarīkānaṃ vā sītena vārinā apphuṭaṃ assa.

Evameva kho āvuso bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ nippītikena sukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati. Nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa nippītikena sukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.

Puna ca paraṃ āvuso bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Idampi'ssa hoti cittasampadāya. Ayaṃ kho sā kassapa cittasampadā.

31. So evaṃ samāhite citte - pe -

[BJT Page 380] [\x 380/]

32. [PTS Page 174] [\q 174/] imāya ca kassapa sīlasampadāya imāya ca cittasampadāya imāya ca paññāsampadāya aññā sīlasampadā cittasampadā paññāsampadā uttarītarā vā paṇītatarā vā natthi.

33. Santi kassapa eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā sīlavādā. Te anekapariyāyena sīlassa vaṇṇaṃ bhāsanti. Yāvatā kassapa ariyaṃ paramaṃ sīlaṃ, nāhaṃ tattha attano samasamaṃ samanupassāmi. Kuto bhiyyo? Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṃ adhisīlaṃ.

34. Santi kassapa eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā tapojigucchāvādā. Te anekapariyāyena tapojigucchāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsanti. Yāvatā kassapa ariyā paramā tapojigucchā, nāhaṃ tattha attano samasamaṃ samanupassāmi. Kuto bhiyyo? Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṃ adhijegucchaṃ.

35. Santi kassapa eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā paññāvādā. Te anekapariyāyena paññāya vaṇaṇaṃ bhāsanti. Yāvatā kassapa ariyā paramā paññā, nāhaṃ tattha attano samasamaṃ samanupassāmi. Kuto bhiyyo? Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṃ adhipaññā.

36. Santi kassapa eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā vimuttivādā. Te anekapariyāyena vimuttiyā vaṇaṇaṃ bhāsanti. Yāvatā kassapa ariyā paramā vimutti, nāhaṃ tattha attano samasamaṃ samanupassāmi. Kuto bhiyyo? Atha kho ahameva tattha bhiyyo yadidaṃ adhimutti.

[BJT Page 382] [\x 382/]

37. [PTS Page 175] [\q 175/] ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādaṃ kho samaṇo gotamo nadati. Tañca kho suññāgāre nadati no parisāsū"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā. "Sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadatī'ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

38. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati. No ca kho visārado nadatī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā. "Sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadatī"ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

39. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, no ca kho naṃ pañhaṃ pucchantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā "sīhanādaṃ ca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhañca naṃ pucchantī"ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

40. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādaṃ ca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhaṃ ca naṃ pucchanti, no ca kho nesaṃ pañhaṃ puṭṭho byākarotī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā. "Sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhaṃ ca naṃ pucchanti. Pañhañca nesaṃ puṭṭho byākarotī"ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

41. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati. Visārado ca nadati, pañhaṃ ca naṃ pucchanti, no ca kho pañhañca nesaṃ puṭṭho byākaroti, no ca kho pañhassa veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādhetī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā "sīhanādaṃ ca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhaṃ ca naṃ pucchanti, no ca kho nesaṃ pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādhetī"ti evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

42. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, no ca kho sotabbaṃ maññantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Sotabbañcassa maññantī"ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

[BJT Page 384] [\x 384/]

43. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, no ca kho sotabbaṃ maññantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Sotabbañcassa maññanti. No ca kho sutvā cassa pasīdanatī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Sotabbañcassa maññanti. Sutvā cassa pasīdantī"ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

44. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, no ca kho sotabbaṃ maññantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Sutvā cassa pasīdanti, no ca kho pasannā pasannākāraṃ karontī"ti. Te mā' hevanti'ssu vacanīyā. "Sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, no ca kho sotabbaṃ maññantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Sutvā cassa pasīdati, pasannā ca pasannākāraṃ karontī"ti evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

45. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādaṃ ca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, no ca kho sotabbaṃ maññantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Pasannā ca pasannākāraṃ karoti. No ca kho tathattāya paṭipajjantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti"ssu vacanīyā "sīhanādaṃ ca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, no ca kho sotabbaṃ maññantī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā: "sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati, parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti. Pasannā ca pasannākāraṃ karonti. Tathattāya ca paṭipajjantī"ti evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

46. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ kassapa vijjati yaṃ aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: "sīhanādaṃ ca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, sotabbaṃ ca maññanti, tathattāya ca paṭipajjanti, no ca kho paṭipannā ārādhentī"ti. Te 'mā hevanti'ssu vacanīyā. "Sīhanādañca samaṇo gotamo nadati. Parisāsu ca nadati, visārado ca nadati, pañhañca taṃ pucchanti, pañhañca nesaṃ puṭṭho byākaroti, pañhassa ca veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheti, sotabbañcassa maññanti, sutvā cassa pasīdanti, pasannā ca pasannākāraṃ karonti, tathattāya ca paṭipajjanti paṭipannā ca ārādhentī"ti. Evamassu kassapa vacanīyā.

47. Ekamidāhaṃ kassapa samayaṃ rājagahe viharāmi gijjhakūṭe pabbate. Tatra maṃ aññataro tapabrahmacārī [PTS Page 176] [\q 176/] nigrodho nāma adhijegucche pañhaṃ pucchi. Tassāhaṃ adhijegucche pañhaṃ puṭṭho byākāsiṃ. Byākato ca pana me attamano ahosi. Paraṃ viya mattāyāti.

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48. "Ko hi bhante bhagavato dhammaṃ sutvā na attamano assa paraṃ viya mattāya? Bhante bhagavato dhammaṃ sutvā attamano paraṃ viya mattāya, abhikkantaṃ bhante, abhikkantaṃ bhante. Seyyathāpi bhante nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya, andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhintīti, evameva bhagavatā anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhante bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhusaṅghañca. Labheyyāhaṃ bhante bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ, labheyyaṃ upasampadanti".

49. "Yo kho kassapa aññatitthiyapubbo imasmiṃ dhammavinaye ākaṅkhati pabbajjaṃ, ākaṅkhati upasampadaṃ, so cattāro māse parivasati. Catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū taṃ pabbājenti, upasampādenti bhikkhubhāvāya. Api ca mettha puggalavemattatā viditā"ti.

50. "Sace bhante aññatitthiyapubbā imasmiṃ dhammavinaye ākaṅkhantā pabbajjaṃ ākaṅkhantā upasampadaṃ cattāro māse parivasanti, catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū taṃ pabbājenti, upasampādenti bhikkhubhāvāya. Ahaṃ cattāri vassāni parivasissāmi. Catunnaṃ vassānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū maṃ pabbājentu, upasampādentu bhikkhubhāvāyā'ti.

51. Alattha kho acelo kassapo bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ [PTS Page 177] [\q 177/] alatthupasampadaṃ. Acirūpasampanno kho panāyasmā kassapo eko vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahitatto viharanto, na cirasseva yassatthāya kulaputtā sammadeva agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajanti, tadanuttaraṃ brahmacariyapariyosānaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja vihāsi. "Khīṇā jāti. Vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ. Kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ. Nāparaṃ itthattāyā"ti abbhaññāsi.

Aññataro ca kho panāyasmā kassapo arahataṃ ahosīti.

Sīhanādasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ aṭṭhamaṃ.

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